Every hiker, trekker, or anyone going to the high altitude should know what high altitude gear is and what is its importance. High altitude gear consists of special clothing and equipment designed to cope with the effects of high altitude.
Especially if you’re going to higher altitudes where the air is thinner and there are fewer oxygen molecules to breathe in. Weather conditions may be harsher as well. These are some of the things you should know about high altitude gear so you can stay safe as you hike, trek, or climb to higher altitudes.
High Altitude Basics
Many people assume that all trips above a certain altitude—let’s say 3000 meters or above require specialized equipment and training. You can usually make a trip to altitudes up to 3000 meters with basic trekking gear and without acclimatization. After 3000 meters, you need to follow some simple rules for not to have any problems during your journey.
a) don’t climb too high – 300 meters max per day,
b) spend enough time at that altitude to get acclimatized,
c) descend before you get sick, and give your body time to adjust to lower altitudes before heading back up again.
High Altitude Bags
The importance of owning a high-altitude bag also called a portable altitude chamber(PAC) can’t be overstated. A high-altitude bag contains oxygen tanks and other supplies designed to sustain life at extreme altitudes. The gear inside these bags should help you survive until you are rescued. Keep in mind that these bags are only equipped to keep one person alive—and only if that person is conscious and uninjured.
High Altitude Clothing
When it comes to high altitude clothing, there are three main categories you’ll need to know about: High-altitude boots; lightweight and windproof rain gear; and synthetic underwear. You’ll also want to bring along a fleece or down jacket for cold weather. With high altitude gear, it’s easy to forget that layering is key in keeping warm. There’s no such thing as wearing too many layers, even if you can fit everything into your backpack easily enough. Layering keeps you warmer because if your outer layer gets wet (from sweat or precipitation), then your next layer has time to dry before you need it again—and vice versa when conditions change.
High Altitude Footwear
The difference between high-altitude footwear and other shoes is that they must have certain features in order to support your feet. For example, boots should have a heavy sole which can provide an additional layer of insulation from cold temperatures. Suede or leather boots are also recommended because they are more water-resistant and less likely to be damaged during hiking trips.
Another key feature for any high-altitude boot is an anti-blister insole as well as a roomy toe box, as it prevents pressure on your toes when you’re walking downhill or ascending. Since many people also get blisters when they first start wearing new boots. Highly recommended to wear these boots for a minimum of a week to get used to the boots.
Other High Altitude Accessories
Here are some additional things you’ll want for high-altitude Trekking and hiking trips.
a) Hand Warmer Pad
b) Power Bank for High Altitude
c) Accessory cord
d) Compression Sack
e) Insulated bottle cover
Check our blog High Altitude Gear before going for any high-altitude treks or hikes.